Among the diseases, the most widespread is certainly gastritis, which affects 50% of the population.Burning, acid regurgitation, stomach pain. It must have happened to everyone at least once in their life, perhaps after a heavy meal or during periods of high stress. An increasingly common and often underestimated nuisance, which leads the patient to self-treat with over-the-counter drugs that relieve symptoms but do not solve the problem. This is why it is important to consult the multispecialty hospital in Varanasi.
First, when we talk about heartburn, we need to understand where this is localized. If, in fact, the burning is behind the sternum – in the chest, it is called heartburn – and is accompanied by acid regurgitation, we are faced with the classic symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux.
If, on the other hand, the patient complains of pain and burning in the upper or central part of the belly, in the stomach, it can be the alarm bell of various pathologies. To understand the origin of the pain and find the most appropriate treatment, it is necessary to contact a gastroenterologist, who through an endoscopic examination, usually a gastroscopy and a histological examination, assesses the origin of the disorder. The acid-related pathologies that can be diagnosed with this simple, totally painless examination are: gastritis, gastric or duodenal ulcer and more rarely neoplastic diseases. Read More: Heart Palpitations: Are There Solutions? Why consult top hospital in Varanasi?
Among these pathologies, the most common is certainly gastritis. Stress, drugs that attack the gastric mucosa and Helicobacter Pylori (a type of bacteria) are the main causes of this pathology which affects 50% of the population. If the patient does not have any risk factors, such as age over 45, familiar with stomach cancer, sudden weight loss, difficulty swallowing and epigastric burning even at night, then gastroscopy is not necessary and the doctor can make a diagnosis, on the basis of laboratory tests, an ultrasound and the examination, of a functional dyspepsia, that is not due to organic lesions of the digestive system.
Post-prandial disorder syndrome and burning epigastric pain syndrome, i.e. a generic heartburn, fall into this sphere. Here too, a notable role could be played by Helicobacter Pylori but also smoking, anxiety, bad habits of life in general and belonging to the female sex. Food can play an important role although it is good to remember that nutrition is never the cause of indigestion but can certainly worsen symptoms. Among these we certainly find fatty foods, which take a long time to digest; acidic fruits and vegetables that can irritate the gastric mucosa such as oranges, lemons and tomatoes; as well as coffee and fizzy drinks.
Depending on the pathology, the doctor will choose which therapy to prescribe to the patient. There are three categories of heartburn medications: antacids, prokinetics, and gastric acid secretion inhibitors. The former do not require a medical prescription and are mainly used to treat the symptom, as they act directly on the pH of the stomach. The latter help to empty the stomach and for this they can be taken only if prescribed by the doctor of best hospital in Varanasi, as well as the proton pump inhibitors that reduce the acid secretion of the stomach, at the base of the burning.