Internal medicine /medical doctors, often known as internists, are primary care physicians who offer long-term, comprehensive care in a doctor’s office and hospital, handling both common and difficult diseases in adolescents, adults, and the elderly. They are specialists who diagnose, treat, and compassionately care for patients across the full spectrum of health and wellness to serious illnesses, applying scientific knowledge and clinical expertise. Internists, often known as doctors of internal medicine, should not be confused with interns, who are medical professionals who are still in their first year of residency training.
- Health preservation
- disease detection
- The management of patients with numerous, complex medical problems, including the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic medical diseases,
- Acting as consultants for fields like family medicine, obstetrics, and surgery.
Interns are commonly referred to as “the doctor’s doctor” because they spend at least 7 years in medical school and postgraduate training and are frequently asked to advise other doctors on difficult diagnostic issues.
Specialized areas of internal medicine
General internal medicine is one option for internists, or they can pursue more education to become subspecialists in one of the 19 subfields of internal medicine. For instance, specialists in internal medicine who specialize in cardiac disorders are known as cardiologists. An internist must go through very advanced, highly detailed training that is both broad and deep to sub specialize in a particular medical field. Beyond the typical 3-year general internal medicine residency, subspecialty training (sometimes called a fellowship) often necessitates a further 1-3 years of education.
Subspecialties of internal medicine include:
- Adolescent Medicine
- Cardiology for Advanced Heart Failure and Transplantation
- Chronic heart disease
- Cardiovascular and Clinical Electrophysiology
- Intensive Care Medicine
- Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism
- Geriatric Medicine
- Oncology and Hematology
- Infectious ailment
- Cardiology Intervention
- Critical care medicine and lung diseases
- Children’s Endocrinology
- Sports medicine
- Liver Transplantation
Providing Complete Patient Care
No matter how uncommon or complicated a patient’s health issue may be, internists are prepared to handle it, even severe chronic illnesses or circumstances where multiple illnesses may be present at once. Internists are also trained in primary care internal medicine and are highly adept in the detection and treatment of cancer, infections, and illnesses of the heart, blood, kidneys, joints, digestive, respiratory, and vascular systems. This includes knowledge of healthy living, substance addiction, mental health, and the proper management of common issues with the nervous system, reproductive organs, eyes, ears, and skin.
A Lifetime of Supporting You
In the complicated medical environment of today, internists love providing lifelong care to their patients, whether it is in the office or clinic, during hospitalization and critical care, or from infancy to nursing homes. Internists address challenging medical issues that arise during care when other medical professionals, such as surgeons or obstetricians, are engaged in the patient’s care. They also coordinate the overall care and treatment plan.
With the information above, we hope you have a better understanding of internal medicine / Medicine doctors. If you want specialized professionals to look after your health, consult Popular Hospital today.