The irritable bowel syndrome (also known as spastic colitis) is a very common condition; according to the experts of top hospital in Varanasi, it affects about 10% of the population and mainly affects women, mainly in the age group between 20 and 50 years.
Causes are stomach pain (abdominal pain), bloating, diarrhoea and/or constipation. Ailments come and go, they can last a few days, weeks or even months. This is usually a persistent problem and can have a significant impact on quality of life.
The causes are not known. Some hypotheses refer to alterations in intestinal motility (passage of food in the intestine too fast or too slow), to an excessive sensitivity of the nerves present in the intestine, to stress, to alterations of the intestinal bacterial flora, to the presence of more cases in the intestine in the same family (family history).
There is no specific cure for irritable bowel syndrome; however, dietary changes and medications can help control symptoms.
The most frequent disorders (symptoms) present in irritable bowel syndrome are:
- Stomach ache or abdominal cramps, which usually worsen after meals and improve with the evacuation
- Bloating , excessive air in the belly ( bloating )
- Constipation , difficulty evacuating and a feeling of not completely emptying the bowel
The syndrome generally occurs in alternating phases: in some periods the disorders improve, in others they reappear (flare up). Read More: Heartburn, An Underestimated Nuisance! Consult Super Speciality Hospital In Varanasi
Ailments can occur after consuming certain foods or drinks. Spicy or overly fatty foods, alcoholic or caffeinated beverages can cause worsening of ailments, as well as anxiety and stress.
Other disorders present in irritable bowel syndrome are:
- Excessive release of air from the intestines (flatulence)
- Presence of mucus in the stool
- Fatigue and lack of energy
- Problems urinating (frequent urge to urinate, a feeling of not completely emptying the bladder)
- Faecal incontinence
In the presence of these disorders, it is advisable to consult multispecialty hospital in Varanasi Uttar Pradesh which may prescribe some tests to rule out the presence of other more serious diseases.
An urgent medical examination is, however, necessary in the presence of:
- Unjustified weight loss
- Blood in the stool or bleeding from the rectum
- Abdominal mass
- Palpitations , shortness of breath, paleness
The assessment (diagnosis) of irritable bowel syndrome must be made by multispecialty hospital in Varanasi. During the visit, the doctor of these hospital will inquire about the type of disorders present, the nature and frequency of the same, will ask if their appearance is periodic and/or linked to the intake of certain foods or drinks and for how long they have occurred.
A few days before the medical examination it is advisable to take note of the complaints (symptoms) felt in order to remember all the details and to be able to tell them to the doctor.
During the examination, the doctor will feel the belly to see if there are any swellings or masses in the abdomen.
Useful tests to ascertain irritable bowel syndrome
There are no specific analysis. Generally, to rule out other causes or the presence of more serious diseases, some tests are prescribed which include:
- Blood tests, to rule out celiac disease and evaluate the possible presence of inflammatory bowel conditions ( chronic inflammatory bowel diseases )
- Stool test, to rule out infections
If the presence of irritable bowel syndrome is confirmed, the doctor will decide on the best treatments available.