A paediatric orthopedist of super speciality hospital in Varanasi deals with the treatment of a wide range of pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, both congenital and acquired.
Doctors are faced with the following congenital disorders in the development of the upper limbs:
Syndactyly – complete or partial fusion of the fingers, due to a genetic abnormality. The disease is diagnosed directly in the hospital, does not respond to drug treatment and requires surgical intervention;
Polydactyly – a hereditary anomaly, expressed in an increased number of fingers;
Sprengel’s disease or abnormal (high) standing of the shoulder – characterized by an irregular shape of one of the shoulder blades: it becomes shorter and wider, which leads to a constant forced elevated position of the shoulder;
Club hand – the hand is deflected from the ulna at the wrong angle, which can be associated with both the pathology of the bones themselves and the abnormal structure of the tendons.
Also, a paediatric orthopedist treats congenital anomalies of the lower extremities. One of the most common is hip dysplasia. The disease manifests itself in the form of a complete or partial dislocation of the hip due to its improper intrauterine formation. Read More: Pulse Disturbance and The Help Of Cardiologists Of Super Speciality Hospital In Varanasi
Congenital orthopedic pathologies are associated with impaired embryonic development of the foetus, which is affected by poor genetics or severe diseases of the mother during pregnancy. Birth injuries can lead to problems with the musculoskeletal system in an infant.
It is necessary to make an unscheduled appointment with a paediatric orthopedist if the following symptoms are found:
- Asymmetrical arrangement of skin folds on the arms and thighs in children under the age of 1 year;
- Lag in physical development: the child turns over late and with difficulty, sits down, does not start to walk;
- Limited movement in the hip joint: it is easy to notice when changing or changing clothes, the baby’s legs “do not open”;
- Unequal length of the upper or lower limbs.
For children aged 3 years and older, signs of disruption of the musculoskeletal system are:
- Heavy, uneven gait: the child has difficulty standing on his feet, constantly grabs onto a support (wall, chair);
- Clubfoot: improper position of the feet during movement;
- Noticeable stoop or “bony bone” both when walking and sitting;
- Visible changes in the area of the joints: edema, swelling, redness of the skin, the appearance of a rash, cyanosis of the integument;
- Child complaints of muscle or joint pain;
- Physical weakness: it can manifest itself in poor coordination during outdoor games, in a child “everything falls out of hand”;
- Forced position of the head;
- Numbness in the limbs or unusual sensations in the hands and feet (tingling, “chills”);
- Local increase in body temperature;
- Suffered injuries: severe bruises, dislocations, fractures, ligament ruptures.
Often, indirect signs indicate problems with the musculoskeletal system: for example, hearing or vision impairment can develop due to curvature of the spine. If the child is actively involved in contact sports (football, basketball, hockey), athletics, this increases the risk of damage to ligaments and joints, increases the load on the skeleton. In this case, parents are advised to bring their child to a pediatric orthopedist of best hospital Varanasi for examination at least once a year.