Precautions are preferable to remedies. Rather than undergoing medical procedures, it is preferable to make simple lifestyle adjustments to avoid major disease and discomfort. That said, if you’re looking for a kidney stone specialist in Varanasi for treatment and aren’t aware of what to expect, especially in terms of how far the treatment can go, it can be a difficult task. In this article, we’ll go over the therapies and management suggestions offered by doctors for various stone sizes.
Management of Small Stones
With medical expulsion therapy, smaller stones (less than 5 mm) have a higher probability (90 percent) of passing on their own.
The majority of small kidney stones can be treated without invasive surgery. You might be able to make do with just a small stone:
Water: Drinking 1.8 to 3.6 liters each day can dilute the urine and prevent the formation of stones. Drink plenty of water until your urine is clear or nearly clear, unless your doctor advises otherwise.
Pain medications: simply passing small stones might cause discomfort. Your doctor may recommend pain relievers to help reduce the discomfort.
Management of Large Stones
Large kidney stones can cause bleeding, kidney damage, and recurrent urinary tract infections if they are not passed on their own. They may require more intensive treatment, which could include the following:
Using sound waves: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a treatment that uses sound waves to break up stones. Doctors at the Kidney Stone Specialist in Varanasi can prescribe it for some kidney stones, depending on their size and location. ESWL uses sound waves to create intense shock waves that break down the stones into small fragments. Because the procedure takes 45 to 60 minutes and may cause mild discomfort, it can be performed under sedation or a light anesthetic.
Surgery to remove: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a procedure that involves the surgical removal of a kidney stone using miniature lenses and tools that are inserted into the spine through a small incision. You can have general anesthesia during the procedure and stay in the hospital for one or two days to recover. Your doctor may suggest surgery if ESWL is ineffective or not indicated.
Eliminate stones with a scope: To remove a tiny stone in your ureter or kidney, your doctor may pass a thin light tube (ureteroscope) coupled with a camera through your urethra and bladder to your ureter. The stone will be captured or smashed into small pieces that will pass through your urine.
Parathyroid gland surgery: Overly active parathyroid glands, located right below your Adam’s apple at the corners of your thyroid gland, cause calcium phosphate stones. When these glands produce too much parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism), calcium levels rise to dangerously high levels, which could also lead to kidney stones.
Dissolution: Dissolution therapy is not effective for calcium stones, although it could be used to treat uric acid and cystine stones. Uric acids can be dissolved by adding sodium bicarbonate to the urine to make it less acidic.
Take First Step with Popular
Different forms of stones necessitate slightly different prophylactic measures. Before advising the patient, a proper diagnosis can assist in determining the probability. Preventing kidney stones may require a combination of lifestyle changes and medication. Consult the best kidney stone specialist in Varanasi has to offer. Make an appointment with a popular hospital today.